Pinterest LinkedIn Tumblr

Anemia is a medical condition marked by either a reduced concentration of red blood cells in the body or a reduced concentration of hemoglobin in the body. Red blood cells possess an iron-rich protein known as hemoglobin, which has the capacity to attach to oxygen within your lungs. This attachment enables red blood cells to transport and distribute oxygen throughout your body. Anemia is assessed based on the levels of hemoglobin present in your blood. Anemia occurs when your blood fails to carry oxygen due to a lower number of red blood cells or reduced hemoglobin levels in the body.

Anemia encompasses a wide range of types and underlying causes. Some forms of anemia are mild and amenable to straightforward treatments, whereas others have the potential to lead to significant health complications.

Symptoms of Anemia:

If you have anemia, you may experience a range of symptoms, including:

  • Fatigue and Weakness
  • Paler Complexion
  • Shortness of Breadth
  • Irregular Heartbeat
  • Cold Hand & Feet
  • Headaches and Dizziness
  • Brittle Nails and Hair

Causes of Anemia:

Red blood cells are manufactured in the bone marrow and typically have a lifespan of about 100 to 120 days. Your bone marrow constantly generates approximately 2 million red blood cells per second, a rate roughly equal to the number being removed from circulation. Roughly 1 percent of your red blood cells are replaced and taken out of circulation every day. Anemia can arise when any factor disrupts the delicate balance between the production and removal of red blood cells. The causes of anemia can be broadly categorized into two groups:

  1. Factors that Decrease Red Blood Cell Production:

These factors revolve around challenges that hinder the bone marrow’s capacity to generate a sufficient quantity of red blood cells. Conditions such as deficiencies in essential nutrients (such as iron, vitamin B12, or folate), disorders of the bone marrow, and chronic illnesses can all contribute to a reduction in red blood cell production.

  1. Factors that Increase Red Blood Cell Destruction or Loss:

In this category, anemia develops when red blood cells are eliminated more rapidly than they can be replenished. This situation can arise from factors such as hemolysis (the early breakdown of red blood cells), genetic conditions like sickle cell anemia, autoimmune disorders, or excessive bleeding brought about by injury, surgical procedures, or medical conditions.


Types of Anemia:

Anemia manifests in various forms, each characterized by its distinct underlying causes and features. Among the most prevalent types of anemia are the following:

Sickle-Cell Anemia:

Sickle cell anemia is part of a cluster of inherited conditions referred to as sickle cell disease. This condition alters the typical shape of red blood cells, responsible for transporting oxygen throughout the body. Ordinarily, red blood cells are round and flexible, allowing them to flow smoothly through blood vessels. However, in sickle cell anemia, some red blood cells take on an abnormal sickle or crescent shape. These altered cells also become inflexible and adhesive, potentially leading to a reduction or obstruction of blood circulation.

Iron-Deficiency Anemia:

Iron deficiency anemia, as the name suggests, occurs when there is an inadequate supply of iron. When your body doesn’t have sufficient iron, it can’t produce enough hemoglobin, a crucial component in red blood cells that facilitates the transport of oxygen. Consequently, iron deficiency anemia can lead to fatigue and breathlessness.

Iron deficiency anemia is typically treatable through iron supplementation. In some cases, additional tests or treatments may be required, especially if your healthcare provider suspects internal bleeding as an underlying cause.

Vitamin-Deficiency Anemia:

Vitamin deficiency anemia results from an insufficient quantity of healthy red blood cells due to lower-than-normal levels of vitamin B-12 and folate in the body. This can occur when you don’t consume enough foods rich in vitamin B-12 and folate, or if your body encounters difficulties in absorbing or metabolizing these vitamins. In the absence of these essential nutrients, the body generates oversized red blood cells that function poorly, diminishing their capacity to transport oxygen effectively.

Aplastic Anemia:

Aplastic anemia is a medical condition characterized by a decrease in the production of new blood cells by the body. This condition can result in fatigue, increased vulnerability to infections, and a heightened risk of uncontrolled bleeding. Aplastic anemia is a rare and grave condition that can manifest at any age. It may develop suddenly or progress gradually, worsening over time. The severity of aplastic anemia can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of blood cell production decline.


Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by a reduced amount of hemoglobin in the body. Hemoglobin is essential for enabling red blood cells to transport oxygen. Thalassemia can result in anemia, leading to symptoms of fatigue.

For more Visit our website wellbeingprotips.


Write A Comment